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What is Pain?

What is Pain?

Pain is a signal sent through nerve fibres to the brain for interpretation on what to do. Severe pain causes a reflex for the body to move or support a body part. For example touching something hot results in the message only travelling to the spinal cord and having a reflex to move which is why it's fast.

 Pain is a sensory experience to allow the brain to decide what to do and the experience is different for everybody. There are different ways to feel and describe pain and this can make it difficult to define the root cause and to treat.

Pain can be short term lasting only a few days or long term lasting years. It can stay in one place in the body or move around and can vary in intensity throughout the day.  

Types of Pain

Pain can be acute or chronic 

Acute Pain tends to intense and short lived. The acute phase is only about 2 to 4 weeks. Injury tends to link to tissue damage and can range from dropping something on your foot to an impact injury from a fall. The body and brain respond to acute pain by flooding the area with pain relief cells so reducing the intensity. You also tend to modify your movement so as not to aggravate the point of injury and pain.

For example if you break your arm, you immediately have acute intense pain. Your body floods the area with pain relief cells and you hold the arm to stop it moving. As you go to hospital the pain reduces as long as you keep your arm immobilised. The hospital then ensure your arm is straight then plaster the arm for long term immobilisation while it heals. The body continues to send pain relief cells and inflammation cells that start repairing the break. After a short time the pain is reduced and the bone after six weeks is repaired.

Chronic Pain last far longer than acute pain. It is often difficult to resolve. Chronic pain can be mild or severe in intensity, it can be constantly in the background like with arthritis, or intermittent like migraines. Chronic pain tends to be always there some days or points in the day its less painful, at other points or day days it is worse depending on activity or time of day.

With chronic pain the nerve signals to the brain slow down and stop as the nervous system becomes used to the pain stimulus and essentially ignores it. This is why people who have chronic pain cope well and have what is described as a high pain threshold. The nerves are constantly sending pain signals to the brain some are ignored and deemed normal and others for example when moving with a bad back are received, that is why the chronic pain fluctuates in intensity.

Describing Pain

InterX pain clinic use a pain diary (available here) to help track and describe pain. This is essential as it focuses on the type of pain, the intensity, area, time of day and for how long. This pain information helps identify patterns and coping mechanisms in dealing with pain and helps point to the root cause.

Diagnosing the source of pain relies on the patient's own description and interpretation. The magnitude or intensity of the pain can be described on a pain scale 1 to 10 with 1 been no pain and 10 been severe.

  • The character of all the pain felt by the patient, for example stabbing, shooting or burning pain tends to be more intense or acute. Whereas throbbing or aching tend to be more chronic pain.
  • The site of pain, does it radiate from a point or spread.
  • What makes the pain worse or less painful
  • When in the day is the highest pain level, or most difficult to cope with
  • Is Pain impacting on sleep and rest linking to daily life and mood
  • What is your understanding of the pain you are in

Most of the above points are covered in the downloadable pain diary. However the areas above help to focus you on specifics with pain and guide you more towards a root cause.

Treatment of Pain

Medication is the standard first line in treating pain and falls into two camps, either pain killers or anti inflammatory drugs. They vary in strength depending on the intensity of the pain. Over the counter drugs work for short term pain issues. Anything longer than a few days and prescription medication maybe needed along with a GP consultation. Acute or severe pain is usually dealt with in a hospital environment while under observation.

Medication acts to switch off the nerves sending the pain messages to the brain. They work on the chemical centre of the nerve and block the messaging. As they work on the chemical portion of a nerve they only last a short time before another dose is needed. Nerve communication is 2% chemical and 98% electrical which is why InterX treatment is so effective in pain relief and much longer lasting (more information on InterX treatment Here).

Nerve Blocks: These take varying forms but essentially they are a surgical injection into the painful area or nerve root.

Surgery: There are extensive surgical procedures to help with joint pain, from replacement joints to joint fusion and spinal cord stimulation

Alternatives to Medication

Acupuncture: Uses a needles at specific points to target nerve stimulation and reduce pain. Acupuncture is a very effective pain treatment and is under used as a pain treatment strategy.

Physical Manipulation: Physiotherapists, Chiropractors and Osteopaths are excellent and physical manipulation and helping correct body posture and joint alignment. They are able to reset the body and work on the soft tissue of the body.

Relaxation Therapies: This covers a wide range of treatment and is effective in isolation or as part of a combined therapy. Yoga, meditation, massage therapy, distraction techniques, and tai chi.

Hypnosis: This is very effective in helping with physical pain that links to mental trauma or stress. This helps to take away the mental baggage that is causing the physical pain. This can be used in conjunction with Psychotherapy and Cogitative Behavioural therapy (CBT).

Heat, Cold and Rest: are all effective in helping treat pain, rest especially is under- utilised.

InterX Treatment: Works through the nerves and is highly effective at treating pain and is available at InterX Pain Clinic. More information on InterX Treatment is available here

With effective pain management, it is possible to maintain daily activities, social engagement, and an active quality of life.

Some Pain Relief Tips and Strategies are available here

What is InterX Treatment and How does it work?

What Is InterX Treatment?

InterX is a type of therapy that uses ‘interactive neurostimulation’ to promote healing whilst being non-invasive. It is used as a new medical technology for treating pain, and inflammation promoting natural accelerated healing and for injury treatment.

InterX Therapy was originally designed for NASA and for astronauts to keep them in peak health. This treatment has been shown to be effective across many more conditions than originally expected, so it’s now used to help more patients be as active as possible along with been pain free. Athletes and high profile sports clubs use InterX therapy devices every day around the world, and it’s helping them to treat many different issues. InterX Therapy is used extensively in the USA and Australia with  an increase in Europe particularly Spain and Italy.

How Does InterX Treatment Work?

This is a unique technology to most others out there, and it’s based on an ancient technique from Tibet, known as “tapping”. Instead of tapping with the tips of the fingers, InterX devices use an electrical pulse at very specific frequencies. The feedback helps to adjust the pulse characteristics and this allows the body to hone in on the cause of the pain and injury, jump-starts the healing process and allows for a much faster recovery time for the patient. It’s a better way of helping pain non-invasively and without drugs. InterX is designed to promote the body’s own healing without a reliance on medication, providing natural and sustained pain relief without the associated side effects. It’s also excellent as an alternative for those who react to medication and so struggle to benefit from mainstream treatment.

Is InterX Safe?

InterX Treatment is a safe and effective form of treatment and works for both children and adults. It’s safe because the stimulation is incredibly precise - targeting the exact right place with the right intensity. It’s also time-dosed to avoid over-stimulation. The stimulation is limited to the skin, which is why it’s optimal for hip and knee replacements, with amazing results demonstrated in peer-reviewed studies (Click Here). It’s currently in use by many hospitals across the world, though currently not available through the NHS or Private medical healthcare. This is fairly typical as many homeopathic and osteopathic remedies are not available through the UK public healthcare system. The InterX is an outstanding tool for treating pain. The Medical device has all the required global safety and approval standards and InterX Experts have extensive clinical training

What Will InterX Treatment Work On?

The list is extensive as identified below, the areas that InterX Pain Clinic are specialists in and  focus on are Back Pain and associated Issues, Shoulder Pain, and Knee and Hip replacement rehabilitation

There are a variety of pains and injuries that the InterX works well for, including:

Sports Injuries

Whether fresh or long term, the InterX can work on the following sports injuries:

  • Sprained ankle
  • Rotator cuff injury
  • Shoulder impingement
  • Tennis elbow
  • Golfers elbow
  • Carpal tunnel
  • Muscular and ligament strains
  • Achilles tendon injuries

Workplace Injuries

Injuries can and do happen at work, and these can be helped with the right InterX therapy. The injuries that it can help include:

  • Neck and lower back pain
  • Disc problems
  • Frozen shoulder
  • Sciatica
  • Repetitive strain injuries

Other Pain

Other pain and complex conditions that can be helped with InterX Therapy include:

  • Arthritis
  • Headaches
  • Migraines
  • Irritable Bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Trigeminal neuralgia
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS).

The Treatment

Treatment with InterX Therapy typically takes anywhere between 1 hour 15 minutes and 1 hour and 30 minutes. Patients will typically feel pain relief and or an increase in mobility post first treatment, which is why it’s cited to be so effective. The course of treatment will vary from patient to patient, but generally it is important to have a series of 6 to 10  treatments close together to be effective in the long term.


Patients should wait and watch to monitor the changes in their body. A Pain Diary is available here.  Some patients will feel the difference straight away, others it will take a few days. The area where the InterX was applied can sometimes ache after treatment. Don’t worry, this is a common reaction and it should be noted in the pain diary. As the treatment is progressive as indicated in the diagram below, pain drops on average 20% post treatment so 6 treatments lead to a significant reduction in pain. InterX Clinic will be able to locate the source of the pain and use the InterX device to help.

Benefits of InterX Treatment

There are many benefits to choosing InterX for pain relief treatment, and these include:

You may not need to use medication to relieve pain when having InterX Treatment. A lack of drugs can dramatically reduce the potential side effects that you’re exposed to throughout recovery. Many Clients reduce pain medication throughout the course of treatment and a significant number don't need any medication post a InterX Treatment Plan

InterX Pain Clinic use mobility movements and exercise to help enhance the InterX effect for greater healing.

This treatment is non-invasive. You don't have to deal with messy gels or lubricants, electrodes or wires. It’s all done with one instrument and the pulse only penetrates the skin a fraction of a mm to interact with the nerve system.

You can combine InterX very easily with other therapies.

What To Expect From Treatment

The Goal for InterX Pain Clinic is to be Pain Free!

In most cases a 80% + reduction in pain post first series of Treatment. InterX Treatment is a comfortable treatment that involves applying the device to the skin. The electrical pulse will feel like a vibration or tingle and your therapist will adjust it as necessary throughout the treatment process. Depending on the complexity of your pain, the treatment can last up to an hour and a half and you’ll likely feel relief quite quickly. The full effects of the treatment will be felt within a couple of hours and you’ll benefit from it for a few days. A series of treatments can help you to feel the benefits long term.

Activating the nerve endings is important, but it may cause a little aggravation of the symptoms your pain gives you, such as exhaustion or light-headedness. You may also experience the positive side effect of better sleep. It's essential to drink about a litre of extra water post treatment to help with flushing out toxins.

Warning! Some patients have a dramatic pain drop and feel great, its important to realise that in this instance your body is healing and not to do anything out of the ordinary and maintain your treatment plan.

Whether on its own or with other therapies, InterX can be an excellent treatment option to help with your healing and recovery process.

How Does InterX Treat Sciatica


The NHS describes Sciatica as “Sciatica is when the sciatic nerve, which runs from your hips to your feet, is irritated. It usually gets better in 4 to 6 weeks but can last longer” (

The Sciatic Nerve is usually irritated and causes pain from compression due to a slipped disc or postural alignment issue at L5 on your lower back just above your buttocks. A slipped disc is when the cushion shock absorber between your vertebra bone discs bulges, becomes inflamed, leaks, or moves and pushes on the sciatic nerve.

Much less common causes of Sciatic pain are spinal stennosis-which is a narrowing of the canal or tube where the nerve passes through, or spondylolisthesis-where a bone moves out of position in your spine which is usually due to a back injury or direct trauma.

General advice is to keep moving!

Even gentle movement will help as the muscles will start to tense as the nerve is inflamed and this leads to the pain spreading down the leg to your foot. By moving you are re-aligning your body and forcing the muscles to work as normal and in pairs. Other obvious general advice is pain medication either over the counter or prescribed.

Key Point don’t sit or lie down for long periods

That links to keep moving, but difficult if you commute to work sit at a desk for 8 hours and manage 8 hours sleep.

It does highlight why you may have sciatica in the first place, compression of the lower back by poor posture and sitting for long periods, or odd positions of movement or repetitive strain

How does interX Treatment help with Sciatica?

Firstly interX treats through the nerves via the skin so it calms down the pain and inflammation of the sciatic nerve. This is usually a progressive process of stimulating the brain to release pain and anti inflammatory chemicals along with energizing the cells in the pain area so they can move to allow the newly arriving cells to be effective.

By stimulating the brain that pain and inflammation cells are needed at a specific area like the sciatic nerve, the body also releases chemicals to aid the repair of the damaged disc which is aggravating it.

Treatment for sciatica is also coupled with mobility movements to aid with walking and sitting along with an understanding of how the body needs to move in the healing phase.

I was suffering from a severe attack of sciatica, which was making even simple walking painful and had only five weeks until a challenging and very active month long trip to Peru, when a friend recommended a visit to Stephen at InterX Pain Clinic. I had five treatments over less than three weeks and made amazing progress. Stephen explained each step of the treatment, answering all my questions so that I understood how InterX worked and exactly what I could expect during the healing process. By the time of my trip I was virtually pain free and coped extremely well.

Sue Sheil

How does InterX Treatment Work

Hello I am Stephen from InterX Pain Clinic and I target your Pain!

I treat many different clients in pain from Arthritis to migraines, post surgery to sciatica and most acute and chronic or persistent pain in between

How do I treat people exactly?

Well I use a Medical device to stop pain and accelerate healing. The medical device works through to skin to connect to the body’s nervous system and stimulates the release of natural pain killing chemicals. In addition healing and repair chemicals are released along with the accelerated removal of waste products and cells that cause scaring. This stimulation has a profound effect and the majority of cases can be helped with 5 to 8 treatments.

In addition to InterX Therapy I use physical mobility exercises to help restore movement and to make sure that the area is healing. I use the medical device on the spine to activate the nervous system and at the site of pain and corresponding trigger points. With Chronic pain as outlined below the body gets caught in the pain – inflammation cycle and it becomes background pain and there all the time. The Inter X device works with the body to reset the cycle so the healing can take place and the pain goes.

An infrared picture of a client with severe neck pain, please note the extreme hot spot in the hairline which is the site of pain and discomfort.


After one session of InterX Treatment of approximately an hour the same client with reduced pain and improved mobility. Please note the Hot spot of Pain is gone.


The InterX Treatment is clinically proven to reduce pain and accelerate healing. I treat many clients who have worked with more traditional treatments in the past, mainly chiropractors, physiotherapists and osteopaths. A change of direction can be a good course of action 

You can download additional information here:

Practical Tips for Pain Relief 2018

NHS Total Knee Replacement Surgery and InterX Treatment